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Norway Alta Dam project considers indigenous Sami people’s rights

Alta Hydro-electric dam project in Norway
The Alta hydro-electric dam project in Norway faced stiff opposition from the indigenous Sami people as far back as the late 1970’s. The government of Norway later acceded to their wishes, building a dam with lower capacity and therefore less impact on the Sami people and the local ecosystem which they depend on for their livelihood.

‘Fight for your rights!’ – Norway’s indigenous Sami people encourage Sarawak dam opposition

Sami Television and Norway’s state radio, NRK, report on Malaysian delegation’s visit to the controversial Alta Dam hydropower plant in Northern Norway

ALTA & KARASJOK, Norway, May 26, 2014 –/WORLD-WIRE/– The Malaysian anti-dam coalition, SAVE Rivers, visited the controversial Alta Dam in the North of Norway late this week. The Alta Dam faced strong opposition in the late 1970s and 1980s by the indigenous people of the Sami.

Tore Bongo, one of the leaders of the uprising, advised SAVE Rivers in solidarity with their current struggle against Sarawak’s twelve planned dams: “You must not be afraid to fight. You need to be willing to negotiate, but above all, you need to fight.”

SAVE Rivers’ three-person delegation is chaired by SAVE Rivers Chairman Peter Kallang and comprises Maria Ajang from Long Palai and Lah Jok from Long Liam, two villages affected by the planned Baram Dam.

The Malaysian delegation’s visit in Northern Norway found significant media interest and was covered by Norway’s state radio, NRK, and the Sami television station, Oddasat.

Watch and listen to the reports under the following links:
http://tv.nrk.no/serie/oddasat-tv/sany80052314/23-05-2014
http://radio.nrk.no/serie/her-og-naa-hovedsending/dmnh01010214/22-05-2014#t=48m47s

Sami representative Tore Bongo said the struggle against the Alta Dam went down in history as a turning point in the Norwegian government’s policy towards the Sami. First of all, the size of the dam was considerably reduced and no village was flooded. Second, after the uprising, the government started to respect the Sami’s rights as indigenous people.

Many new laws have been established since the Alta struggle, allowing the Sami to live and develop their culture and traditions. In 1989, the Sami established their own Parliament in Karasjok.

Sami Parliament representative, Silje Karine Muotka, gave the Malaysian delegation a special reception and a tour through the parliament building.

Maria Ajang from Sarawak expressed her admiration for the Sami’s struggle: “I am impressed how strongly the Sami have fought for the protection of their culture, language and land. They have never hesitated, but fought for their future.”

The exchange between the natives from Sarawak and Norway was perceived as very fruitful on both sides. Indigenous peoples in both countries have faced similar threats to their land, tradition and culture. In Norway, however, things have changed to the better for the Sami, while the traditional livelihoods of Sarawak’s indigenous peoples remain precarious and discriminated.

Peter Kallang, Chairman of SAVE Rivers, commented the situation of Norway’s indigenous people positively: “The Norwegian government is seriously committed to protect the culture and the rights of the Sami who are a minority. The government really allows the Sami to determine their way of life.”

Sarawak representative Lah Jok made his demand clear: “The Malaysian government should respect the rights of the indigenous peoples just as the Norwegian government does.”

The visit to the Alta Dam and the meeting with the Sami marked the end of SAVE Rivers’ two-week-tour through Europe which successfully highlighted the plight of Sarawak’s indigenous people against twelve planned dams in Borneo.

The Swiss-based Bruno Manser Fund (BMF) is committed to protecting the threatened tropical rainforests and the rights of the indigenous forest peoples. The association’s focus lies on Sarawak, the Malaysian state in Borneo. The Bruno Manser Fund was founded by Swiss rainforest advocate Bruno Manser, who has been missing since his last trip to Sarawak in May 2000.

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