China’s new Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Action Plan

by John Brian Shannon

Reports of China’s notoriously bad, air, land, and water pollution, have reached the upper echelons of power in the People’s Republic of China, where those concerns appear to have been taken with the utmost seriousness by the country’s leadership and are now translated into a far-reaching policy document.

Over a billion Chinese citizens face sustained exposure to rapidly-increasing air pollution levels, as the government sets new air quality regulations. Image courtesy:

The Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Action Plan outlines the plan of action to be undertaken throughout China’s command and control economy to improve the air quality in heavily-industrialized and heavily-populated regions of the country.

The central theme of the policy document is one of environmental social responsibility at the end-user level, with enforcement that includes criminal charges against those individuals, businesses, or organizations which do not meet the newly-drafted regulatory standards by 2017.

All effort is now being directed towards meeting the targets by the specified date. Three years and three months, is not a lot of time to accomplish the goals as set out in the document — especially when one considers the sheer magnitude of the air pollution problem there.

Some excerpts of the original Chinese language policy document are provided below. Google Translate provides a very literal translation — therefore, some much-needed polishing was done by this authour. Please bear this in mind.

Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Action Plan

State Council on the issuance of air pollution control action plan notification – Guo Fa [2013] No.37

To: Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities:

[‘Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Action Plan’ opening statement]

Atmospheric environmental protection is related to people’s fundamental interests, is related to sustained and healthy economic development, is related to building a moderately prosperous society, and is related to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese national dream. The present air pollution situation in China is grim with regards to respirable particulate matter (PM10), fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and is characterized by regional atmospheric pollutant environmental issues becoming increasingly prominent, which harm people’s health and affect social harmony and stability. As China’s industrialization, urbanization, and energy resource consumption continues to increase, air pollution control pressures must keep pace. This action plan was developed to effectively improve air quality.”

Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta are the regions singled-out for massive improvements to their present air quality, although other regions are mentioned and are also directed to participate to the best of their ability.

The impression one gets is that regulatory supervision and any criminal charges, are most likely to be seen in those heavily-industrialized and heavily-populated regions — as opposed to less-industrialized regions of the country.

Two more exerpts for you:

Goal: After five years of effort, the country will see an overall improvement in air quality. ‘Heavy weather-borne pollution’ will see a substantial decrease; Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, regional air quality will show significant improvement. We will strive for five years or longer, for the gradual elimination of heavy weather-borne pollution, and significant national air quality improvements.

Specific targets: By 2017, the national level and above cities respirable particulate matter concentration ratio will decrease by 10% or more, when compared to 2012 levels; clear days will gradually increase; Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other areas with fine particulate matter concentrations, decreasing by 25%, 20%, 15%, of which the average annual concentration of fine particulate matter in Beijing is now controlled to 60 micrograms/cubic meters.

Considering where China is now, these are lofty ambitions. But from our perspective and theirs, let’s hope that they are ultimately successful in their efforts — and that each success on the environmental front spurs the Chinese leadership to even greater efforts.

If it sounds like I’m a cheerleader for Chinese efforts in this area, it is because I am.

China is producing well over 7.2 billion tons of CO2 per year (2010 numbers) and these numbers can only rise, as one new coal-fired power plant is added to the national grid each week (on average) since January 2008, and is set to continue until 2020.

Yes, you read that right. From January 2008, through till 2020, China will have completed construction of (and added to the grid) one coal-fired power plant per week.

(Regarding the plants built since 2011, they have a very successful nitrous oxide reduction system installed, and coal dust and fly ash are now better controlled by means of water spray).

And worse pollutants than CO2 come out of the hundreds of thousands of fossil fuel smokestacks in the country (many homes burn cheap, but toxic brown coal). CO2 is one thing, but nitrous oxide, sulfur dioxide, airborne refrigerant gases and other nasties are emitted by the millions or even billions of tons from existing smokestacks. Not to mention horrendous particulate levels (parts-per-million, or even parts-per-thousand levels, in very severely polluted areas) that people and livestock must breathe daily.

It goes without saying that the world’s air mass circulates around the planet once every 10-12 days. Soon enough, the air pollution produced in China finds its way to North America, Europe, and most of Asia. Most particulate matter stays within the country, although huge clouds of very fine particulate can travel thousands of miles per week.

The world’s biggest polluter, China is also the biggest spender (since 2011) on renewable energy. Some 382 billion dollars of renewable energy and energy efficiency projects were begun — in 2012 alone.

China has more wind turbines and more offshore wind turbines, than any country in the world (although U.S. wind power output was slightly higher than China’s last year, due to better turbine performance and better wind corridors) and China is second only to Germany for total installed solar panels. Huge spending on wind and solar by China, will ensure that they will be the dominant solar and wind power generators on the planet, easily surpassing the U.S. and Germany sometime in 2014.

Projecting ahead through 2015/16/17, China will continue to pull far ahead in total GigaWatts of renewable energy output. However, they will also continue to lead the world in both, coal-fired power generation and the rate of installation of new coal-fired power generation.

Will we see clearing skies for China’s air pollution problem?

Not any time soon. But massive, and bound to be historic change, is now underway and it will be interesting to see how a statist economy can institute a sense of social responsibility for the environment among its citizens — while at the same time using the command and control system to enforce pragmatic, but increasingly necessary change on business and industry.

Anyone who breathes the air on this planet, should wish them well.

CHINA – Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Action Plan – State Council on the issuance of air pollution control action plan notification – Guo Fa 2013, No.37 [English Translation]

Information release issued September, 10, 2013 at:

State Council on the issuance of air pollution control action plan notification – Guo Fa [ 2013 ] No.37

To: Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities:

Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Action Plan

Atmospheric environmental protection related to people’s fundamental interests, related to sustained and healthy economic development is related to building a moderately prosperous society, is related to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese national dream. At present, China air pollution situation is grim regarding respirable particulate matter (PM10), fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is characterized by regional atmospheric pollutant environmental issues become increasingly prominent, that harm people’s health and affect social harmony and stability. As China’s industrialization and urbanization, and the energy resource consumption continues to increase, air pollution control pressures continue to increase. To effectively improve air quality, required the development of this action plan.

General requirements: To take Deng Xiaoping Theory and the “Three Represents” important thought, the scientific development concept as a guide, in order to protect people’s health as a starting point, and vigorously promote ecological civilization construction, adhere to government regulation and market regulation combined with breakthroughs in key areas comprehensively promote match, regional collaboration and coordination of territorial management, total emission reduction and quality improvement phase synchronization, form a government guide, business differentiation, market-driven, public participation in the new air pollution control mechanisms, the implementation of sub-regional, phased governance, promoting optimization of industrial structure, technological innovation capacity, improve the quality of economic growth, to achieve environmental benefits, win-win economic and social benefits for the construction of a beautiful Chinese society.

Goal: After five years of efforts, the country overall improvement in air quality, heavy pollution will see a substantial decrease; Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta — Regional Air Quality significant improvement. We will strive for five years or longer, for the gradual elimination of heavy pollution, and the significant national air quality improvements.

Specific targets: By 2017, the national level and above cities respirable particulate matter concentration ratio in 2012 decreased by 10% or more, clear days gradually increased; Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other areas with fine particulate matter concentrations were decreased by 25%, 20%, 15%, of which the average annual concentration of fine particulate matter in Beijing is now controlled to 60 micrograms/cubic meters.

First, increase the comprehensive management efforts to reduce multi-pollutant emissions

(A) To strengthen the comprehensive management of industrial enterprises atmospheric pollution. Comprehensive renovation of small coal-fired boilers. Accelerating the central heating, “coal gas/coal to electricity” project to 2017, in addition to the need to retain outside cities above prefecture level and built-up areas to eliminate 10 tons of steam per hour and coal-fired boilers, 20 tons of steam per hour ban on new coal-fired boilers; elsewhere in principle, then 10 tons of steam per hour, the following new coal-fired boilers. In the heating supply pipe network does not cover the area, changing electricity, new energy or clean coal, promote the use of environmentally friendly energy efficient boiler. In the chemical industry, papermaking, printing and dyeing, leather, pharmaceutical and other industrial agglomeration area, by focusing on building decentralized cogeneration units to phase out coal-fired boilers.

Accelerate key industry desulfurization, denitrification, dust transformation projects. All coal-fired power plants, iron and steel enterprises sintering machine and pellet production equipment, oil refining enterprises FCCU, non-ferrous metal smelting enterprises must install desulphurization facilities, 20 tons of steam per hour or more to implement desulphurization coal-fired boilers. In addition to circulating fluidized bed boiler coal-fired units should be installed outside the denitration facilities, dry cement kiln to implement the transformation and install low-NOx combustion denitration facilities. Existing coal-fired boilers and industrial furnaces dust removal facilities to implement the upgrade.

Promote pollution control of volatile organic compounds. In petrochemicals, organic chemicals, surface coating, packaging and printing industry to implement comprehensive treatment of volatile organic compounds in the petrochemical industry to carry out “Leak Detection and Repair” transformation. Time-bound gas stations, oil depots, tanker oil and gas recovery in crude oil jetty and actively carry out oil and gas recovery. Improved coatings, adhesives and other products limits volatile organic standards, promote the use of water-based paint, to encourage the production, sale and use of low toxicity, low volatile organic solvents.

Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other areas to be completed before the end of 2015 coal-fired power plants, coal-fired boilers and industrial furnaces, pollution control facilities construction and renovation, the completion of the comprehensive management of organic waste petrochemical enterprises.

(Two) To deepen non-point source pollution control. Comprehensive Treatment of Urban dust. Strengthen construction dust control, and actively promote green construction, building construction site should be fully enclosed, with a surrounded retaining wall, non open-work, road construction site should be ground hardened. Sediment transport vehicles should be confined to take measures, and gradually the installation of satellite positioning system. Implementation of mechanized road sweeping and other low dust practices. Large stockpile, windrow to achieve closed storage facilities or building wind and dust. Promoting the city and the surrounding greenery and windproof construction, expansion of urban built-up area to a green scale.

Carry out food soot pollution cleaning. District food service establishments should be installed efficient fume purification facilities, promote the use of clean and efficient household-type hoods.

(Three) Enhanced mobile source pollution. Strengthen urban traffic management. Optimize the layout of urban functions and planning, marketing intelligent traffic management, ease urban traffic congestion. Implementation of bus priority strategies to improve the proportion of public transport, strengthening foot, bicycle transportation system construction. According to urban development planning, the reasonable control of motor vehicles, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other big cities to strictly limit the vehicle fleet. By encouraging green travel, increase the use of cost measures to reduce the use of motor vehicles strength.

Improve fuel quality. Accelerate the upgrading of oil refining enterprises, and strive to the end of 2013, the fourth stage of the national supply in line with national standards of motor gasoline in 2014 before the end of the fourth stage of the national supply in line with national standard diesel in 2015, Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other major cities within the region, a comprehensive supply in line with national standards fifth phase motor gasoline, diesel fuel, before the end of 2017, the national supply in line with national standards fifth phase motor gasoline and diesel fuel. Strengthen supervision and inspection of the quality of oil, crack down on illegal production and sale of substandard oil behaviors.

Accelerate the elimination of yellow cars and older vehicles. Take delineated forbidding region, economic compensation, etc., phasing out yellow cars and older vehicles registered before the end of 2005, operating out of yellow car, out of Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region 5,000,000 yellow cars. By 2017, the elimination nationwide of yellow cars.

Enhance vehicle environmental management. Environmental protection, industry and information technology, quality inspection, industry and commerce departments jointly strengthen environmental regulation of new production vehicles to crack down on production and sale of environmental non-compliance of vehicle violations; strengthen the annual inspection of vehicles in use, the vehicle shall not be granted for non-compliance environmentally qualified signs, or on the road. Speed ​​diesel trucks with urea supply system. Research shorten buses, taxis mandatory retirement age. Taxi replaced annually to encourage efficient exhaust gas purification devices. Carry out construction machinery and other non-road mobile machinery and ship pollution control.

Accelerate the upgrading of low-speed vehicles. Continuously improve the low-speed vehicles (three cars, low-speed trucks) saving and environmental protection requirements, reduce pollution emissions and promote related industries and product technology upgrading. In 2017, new production of low-speed trucks and light trucks perform the same energy-saving and emission standards.

To promote new energy vehicles. Transportation, sanitation and other industries and government agencies to be the first to use new energy vehicles, taken directly on the card, financial subsidies and other measures to encourage individuals to purchase.

Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other cities added or updated annually by bus in new energy and clean fuel ratio to reach 60%.

Second, adjust and optimize the industrial structure, to promote industrial restructuring and upgrading.

(Four) Strictly control the “too high” industry production capacity. Amendments to high energy consumption/high pollution and resource industry access conditions, with clear resource saving and energy and pollutant emissions and other indicators.

Conditional region should develop in line with the local functional orientation, strict national requirements industrial access directory. Strictly control the “tpo high” industry production capacity, new, revision, production capacity expansion project to implement equal or reduction replacement.

(Five) To speed up the elimination of backward production capacity. Combined with the actual industrial development and environmental quality status, to further improve environmental protection, energy consumption, safety, quality and other standards, subregional clear backward production capacity out tasks Forced industrial restructuring and upgrading.

In accordance with the “part of the industrial equipment industry, eliminate backward production technology and product Guidance Catalogue (2010 present)” “Guiding Catalogue of Industrial Structure Adjustment (2011 version) (amended) “requirement, to take economic, technical, legal and necessary administrative means, was completed one year ahead of iron and steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum, glass and other 21 key industries, “second five” backward capacity elimination tasks. 2015 and then 15 million tons out of iron, steel 15 million tons of cement (clinker and grinding capacity) 100 million tons of flat glass 20 million weight cases.

Eliminated for failure to fulfill the mission areas, strict control of national arrangements for investment projects, suspended construction projects in key industries in the region for approval, approval and filing procedures. 2016, 2017, all regions to develop a wider range, a higher standard of backward production capacity out policy, and then eliminate a number of backward production capacity.

On the scattered layout, low level of equipment, environmental protection facilities poor small industrial enterprises to conduct a comprehensive investigation, to develop a comprehensive reform program, the implementation of classification governance.

(Six) Reduce excess capacity. Increase environmental protection, energy consumption, security and law enforcement penalties, to establish standards to promote energy saving “too high” industry overcapacity exit mechanism. Development of financial, land, finance and other support policies to support excess capacity “too high” industry enterprises to withdraw, restructuring and development. Excellent companies play a leading role in the development of the industry, through cross-regional, cross-ownership enterprise mergers and reorganizations, and promote overcapacity compressed. Non-approved serious excess capacity industry capacity projects.

(Seven) Resolutely stop serious excess capacity in the industry illegal construction projects. Carefully screen out serious excess capacity in the construction industry violations projects, not approved the first building, while batch Bian Jianxin, ultra vires violations approved projects not yet started construction, allowed to start; under construction, to stop construction. Local people’s governments to strengthen organizational leadership and supervision and inspection, and resolutely curb serious excess capacity blind expansion of industries.

Third, speed up the transformation of enterprises, improve the technological innovation capability.

(Eight) Strengthen scientific and technological research and development and promotion. Strengthen haze, ozone formation mechanisms, source analysis, early warning and monitoring migration of research to provide scientific support for moniotoring of pollution levels. Strengthen the relationship between air pollution and population health research. Support Enterprise Technology Center, State Key Laboratory, National Engineering Laboratory, promoting large-scale atmospheric photochemical analog position, warehouses and other large-scale simulations of aerosol science and technology infrastructure.

Strengthening desulfurization, denitrification, efficient dust, volatile organic compounds control, diesel (vehicle) emissions purification, environmental monitoring, and new energy vehicles, smart grid and other aspects of technology research and development, and promote technological achievements into the application. Strengthen air pollution control advanced technology, management experience and other aspects of international exchanges and cooperation.

(Nine) Full implementation of cleaner production. Iron and steel, cement, chemical, petrochemical, non-ferrous metal smelting and other key industries, cleaner production audit, for energy conservation in key areas and weak links, the use of advanced and applicable technologies, processes and equipment, implementation of cleaner production technology; 2017, key industries, sewage intensity ratio in 2012 decreased by 30% or more. Promote non-organic solvent-based paints and pesticides, product innovation, to reduce the production and use of volatile organic compound emissions. Actively develop new varieties of slow-release fertilizer, reducing fertilizer application process ammonia emissions.

(Ten) Vigorously develop the circular economy. Encourage the development of industrial clustering, the implementation of the park loop transformation, promote energy cascade utilization, water recycling, waste exchange use, land conservation and intensive use, and promote circulation type production, circulation park development, industrial circulation combined to build recycling industry systems. Promote the cement, steel and other industrial furnaces, blast furnace synergistic implementation of waste disposal. Develop electromechanical products remanufacturing, promote resource recycling industry. By 2017, energy consumption per unit of industrial added value lower than that in 2012 about 20%, more than 50% of the various national parks and more than 30% of the implementation of various provincial park loop transformation, mainly non-ferrous metal and steel recycling proportion reached 40 percent.

(Eleven) Strive to foster saving and environmental protection industries. Focus on the air pollution control policy requires an effective energy-saving environmental protection industry into the development of the market demand, and promote major environmental protection technology and equipment, product innovation and development and industrial applications. Expanding domestic consumer market, and actively support the new formats, new model, foster a number of internationally competitive large-scale energy-saving environmental protection enterprises, a substantial increase in air pollution control equipment, products, services, industry output, effectively promote energy conservation and environmental protection, new energy and other strategic emerging industrial development. Encourage foreign investment in energy-saving environmental protection industry.

Fourth, accelerate the adjustment of energy structure, increase the supply of clean energy.

(Twelve) Control total coal consumption. Long-term development of national coal consumption control target, the implementation of target management responsibility. By 2017, coal will reduced to account for below 65% of total energy consumption. Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region and strive to achieve negative growth in coal consumption, by gradually raising the proportion receiving external transmission, increasing natural gas supply, increase the use of non-fossil energy intensity measures such as substitution of coal.

Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other areas supporting the construction of new projects prohibit captive coal-fired power plants. Coal coal project to implement reductions instead. In addition to cogeneration, the prohibition of approving new coal-fired power generation projects; existing coal-fired units more than the total installed capacity reached 300,000 kilowatts or more, in accordance with the principles of coal equivalent alternative construction of large-capacity coal-fired units.

(Thirteen) To accelerate the use of clean energy alternatives. Increase natural gas, coal gas, coal bed methane supply. By 2015, the new natural gas trunk pipeline transportation capacity of 15 billion cubic meters, covering Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other regions. Optimize use of natural gas, natural gas should give priority to new residents or for the substitution of coal; encourage the development of natural gas, such as efficient use of distributed energy projects, limiting the development of natural gas chemical projects; orderly development of natural gas peaking power plants, in principle, to create natural gas power generation projects.

Develop coal and natural gas development plan, to meet the most stringent environmental requirements and safeguard water supplies under the premise of coal and natural gas industry to accelerate and scale pace.

Actively and orderly development of hydropower, development and utilization of geothermal energy, wind, solar, biomass, safe and efficient development of nuclear power. By 2017, the installed capacity of nuclear power plants run to reach 50 million kilowatts, the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption to increase to 13%.

Regional urban built-up area of Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta city group, the Pearl River Delta region to accelerate the existing industrial enterprises natural gas instead of coal-fired facilities pace; By 2017, completion of coal-fired boilers, industrial furnaces, coal-fired power plant owned natural gas alternative transformation tasks.

(Fourteen) Promote use of clean coal. Increase the proportion of coal washing, construction of new coal mine coal washing facilities should be synchronized with existing mines to accelerate the construction and renovation; By 2017, coal was selected rate of 70% or more. Banned the import of high-ash, high-sulfur coal inferior to study the introduction of coal quality management approach. Restrict imports of high-sulfur petroleum coke.

Expand the city ban high-polluting fuel combustion zone, and gradually extended to the built-up area by the city outskirts. Combined villages, urban fringe, shantytown, through policy and implementation of compensation TOU, seasonal tariffs, the price ladder, peaking tariff and other measures to gradually be implemented to replace coal with natural gas or electricity. Encourage the construction of clean coal northern distribution centers in rural areas, promote the use of clean coal and briquette.

(Fifteen) To improve energy efficiency. Strictly implement the energy assessment review system. New energy-intensive projects unit of product (output) energy to reach the domestic advanced level, using equipment to achieve an energy efficiency standard. Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region, the new high energy consumption projects unit of product (output) energy to reach the international advanced level.

Actively develop green buildings, government investment in public buildings, affordable housing, etc. to be the first implementation of green building standards. New buildings should strictly enforce mandatory energy efficiency standards, promote the use of solar hot water systems, ground source heat pumps, air source heat pump, BIPV, “hot-electricity-cold” triple for technology and equipment.

Promote heat metering reform, accelerate the existing residential buildings in northern heating heat metering and energy saving; new construction and complete renovation of the existing building heating metering gradual implementation of heat metering and charging . Accelerate the heat pipe network construction and transformation.

Fifth, strict energy saving access, optimize industrial layout.

(Sixteen) To adjust industrial layout. In accordance with the main functional area planning requirements, reasonably determine the focus of industrial development layout, structure and size of major projects, in principle, optimize the layout of zones and key development. All new, revision and expansion projects, an environmental impact assessment must be all; does not pass environmental impact assessment approval, will be allowed to start construction; illegal construction, to be punished according to law. Strengthen industrial policy in the industrial transfer process guidance and restraints, strictly limited in ecologically fragile or environmentally sensitive areas, construction of “too high” industry projects. Strengthen the various types of industrial development planning environmental impact assessment.

In the eastern, central and western regions of the implementation of differentiated industrial policy, Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other regions, higher saving and environmental protection requirements. Strengthen environmental regulation prohibited the transfer of backward production capacity.

(Seventeen) To strengthen energy-saving environmental indicators constraints. Improve the access threshold energy saving, improve access conditions in key industries, announced the list of enterprises meet the entry criteria and the implementation of dynamic management. Strict implementation of the pollutant emission control of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, smoke dust and volatile organic compound emissions control requirements for compliance with the total construction project environmental impact assessment as a pre-condition for approval.

Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region as well as in central Liaoning, Shandong, Wuhan and its surrounding, Tan, Chengdu, west side, north-central Shanxi Province, Shaanxi Guanzhong, Canning, Urumqi city group and other “three District 10 group” in the 47 cities, new thermal power, steel, petrochemical, cement, nonferrous metals, chemicals and other enterprises as well as coal-fired boiler project to perform air pollutant emission limits in particular. Each region according to the need to improve environmental quality, and expand the scope of the implementation of special emission limits.

Can not pass comment on the EIA projects reviewed, the relevant department shall approve, approval, filing, shall provide land shall not approve construction, shall not be granted production licenses, safety production license, permit, shall not provide any form of financial institutions the additional credit support, the unit may not electricity, water.

(Eighteen) Optimize the spatial pattern. Scientific development and strict implementation of urban planning, regulatory requirements and strengthen urban green space control requirements, standardize all kinds of industrial parks and urban Metro.

New establishment and layout prohibit arbitrary adjustments and modifications urban planning conducive to the formation of the city and diffusion of air pollutants regional spatial pattern. To carry out overall planning of urban environmental research experimental work.

Combined with excess capacity to resolve, energy conservation, and corporate mergers and acquisitions, orderly main city located in the city’s steel, petrochemical, chemical, non-ferrous metal smelting, cement, plate glass and other heavy polluting enterprises environmental relocation, renovation, basically completed by 2017.

Six, role of market mechanism, improve the environment, economic policy.

(Nineteen) Play the role of market mechanism. In the “causer of pollution responsible for more emissions, more affordable, energy conservation gains and be compensated” principle, and actively implement incentive and restraint mechanisms simultaneously new energy saving.

Sub-sectors, sub-regional water, electricity and other resources to develop enterprise products consumption quota. Establishment of enterprise “leader” system for energy efficiency, emissions intensity reaches a higher standard of advanced enterprises be encouraged.

Full implementation of the “contract energy management” preferential taxation policies, improve the promotion of environmental services to support the development of policies to promote investment in pollution control facilities, construction and operation of integrated franchise. Perfect green credit and green securities policy of corporate environmental information into the credit system. Strictly limit environmental law and public finance business loans. Compensation for the use and promotion of emission rights trading pilot.

(Twenty) Improve the price tax policy. According denitration costs, combined with adjusted sales price, perfect denitrification tariff policy. Existing thermal power units using new technology for dust removal facilities renovation, to give policy support prices.

Implementation of price ladder.

Promote the natural gas price formation mechanism reform, rationalize natural gas and alternative energy price relations.

Compensation in accordance with reasonable cost, competitive prices and the polluter pays principle reasonably determine oil prices, perfect for some disadvantaged groups and public sector oil price reform subsidies.

Increase the sewage collection efforts. Timely increase to sewage fees, and fees for volatile organic compounds dumped into the sewage fee collection system.

Study will be part of the “two high” industry products into scope of consumption tax. Improve the “too high” industry products export tax rebate policy and resource utilization tax policy. Actively promote the coal resource tax ad valorem reforms. Comply with the tax laws and regulations, the use of special equipment or construction companies as well as environmental protection projects tech enterprises, can enjoy preferential corporate income tax.

(Twenty-one) Expand investment and financing channels. Deepening energy saving investment and financing system to encourage private capital and social capital to enter the field of air pollution control. Banking financial institutions to increase air pollution control project credit support. Mortgage financing model of emission rights to explore, develop energy-saving environmental protection facilities financing, leasing business.

Local people’s governments want to involve people’s livelihood “coal gas” project, and the old yellow car out of the vehicle, light trucks and other alternative low-speed vehicles to increase policy support for key industries cleaner production demonstration project to give financial support guiding. Air quality monitoring stations to its operation and regulation of construction funds into the budgets at all levels to be protected.

In environmental law enforcement in place, straighten out the price mechanism, based on the integration of the central government co-ordination of major pollutants emission reduction projects, the establishment of special funds for air pollution control, focusing on regional governance effectiveness by implementing “Yijiangdaibu” central infrastructure investment also increase air pollution control in key areas of economic support.

Seven, a sound legal system, strict supervision and management according to law.

(Twenty-two) Improve the legal standards. Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Act amended to accelerate the pace, focus on improving the overall control, pollution permits, emergency warning, legal liability and other aspects of the system, consider increasing malicious sewage, causing major pollution hazards and their associated companies held criminally responsible person in charge of the content, increase penalties for violations. Establish and improve the environmental public interest litigation.

Environmental research and drafting of the draft tax law, amend the Environmental Protection Act to accelerate, as soon as possible motor vehicle pollution control regulations and permit regulations. Each region can be combined with the actual introduction of local air pollution control regulations and rules.

Accelerate system (revising) emission standards in key industries and vehicle fuel consumption standards, standard oil, heat metering standards, improve industry pollution prevention and cleaner production technology policy evaluation system.

(Twenty-three) To improve environmental supervision capacity. Improvement of national monitoring, local regulators, the unit responsible for the environmental regulatory system, strengthen the local governments to enforce environmental laws, regulations and policies of supervision. Increase environmental monitoring, information, emergency, supervision and other capacity-building efforts to achieve standardization requirements.

Construction of urban stations, background stations, regional stations unified layout national air quality monitoring network and strengthen monitoring data quality management, and objectively reflect the air quality status. Strengthen key sources online monitoring system, promoting environmental satellite applications. Construction of national, provincial and municipal Vehicle Emission monitoring platform. By 2015, the city level and above all built fine particulate matter monitoring points and the National straight pipe monitoring points.

(Twenty-four) Increase environmental protection law enforcement. Promote joint law enforcement, regional law enforcement, law enforcement and other enforcement mechanisms innovative cross, a clear focus, and increase efforts to crack down on environmental violations. Snuck on waste-water treatment, repeated investigations repeat offenders of illegal enterprises, to shut down in accordance with the law. On alleged environmental crimes, should be held criminally responsible. Implement enforcement responsibility, the absence of oversight, poor law enforcement, favoritism and other acts, the supervisory authority shall be prosecuted to the relevant departments and personnel responsibilities.

(Twenty-five) The implementation of environmental information disclosure. The countries 10 worst, and 10 best air quality levels are to be published monthly. The provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) to announce the administrative district level and above mainland urban air quality rankings. Level and above cities should promptly publish in the local major media air quality monitoring information.

Environmental protection departments at all levels and enterprises to take the initiative open new project environmental impact assessment, corporate emissions, the operation of pollution control facilities and other environmental information, accept social supervision. Interests of the people involved in the construction projects should fully listen to public opinion. Heavily polluting industries to establish mandatory corporate environmental information disclosure system.

Eight, the establishment of regional coordination mechanism for regional environmental governance.

(Twenty-six) The establishment of regional cooperation mechanisms. Establishment of Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta regional air pollution control coordination mechanisms, the regional and provincial government departments to participate in the State, regional coordination to solve outstanding environmental problems, organization and implementation of the EIA consultation, joint law enforcement, information sharing, early warning and other atmospheric pollution prevention and control measures, inform regional air pollution control work progress and research to determine stage work requirements, priorities and major tasks.

(Twenty-seven) Decomposition of objectives and tasks. State Department and the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) People’s Government signed letters of responsibility for air pollution control goals, objectives and tasks will break down into local people’s governments and businesses. Will focus on the areas of fine particulate matter indicators, non-priority areas of respirable particulate matter indicators as economic and social development of the binding targets to build in order to improve the quality of the environment at the core of the target responsibility evaluation system.

State Council formulated assessment methods, beginning of each year to the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) to complete the task last year situation assessment; 2015 mid-term assessment, and based on assessment of the situation to adjust the task of governance; 2017 implementation of the action plan for final assessment. Assessment and evaluation by the State Council approval, to the public, and handed over to the competent authorities of cadres, to “promote the scientific development on the establishment of the party and government leading bodies and leading cadres appraisal mechanism for the advice”… ” local party and government leading bodies and leading cadres comprehensive evaluation approach (trial)”… “to carry out the work of government performance management pilot opinions” and so forth, as a leading bodies and leading cadres comprehensive appraisal of the important basis.

(Twenty-eight) The implementation of strict accountability. For failure to pass the annual assessment by the environmental department in conjunction with organizational departments, agencies and other departments to monitor interviews provincial government and its relevant departments responsible person, rectification, be urged.

For those who are incompetent, unable to perform their duties, as a result of the absence of an effective response to ‘heavy pollution weather’ as well as intervention, forgery monitoring data and did not complete the objectives and tasks of the year, according to discipline inspection organs to investigate the relevant units and personnel responsibilities, the environmental protection department to implement the relevant regions and enterprises construction project EIA approved limit, cancel the honorary title granted by the State environmental Protection.

Nine, the establishment of monitoring and early warning system, and properly deal with ‘heavy pollution weather’.

(Twenty-nine) The establishment of monitoring and early warning system. Environmental protection departments should strengthen cooperation with the meteorological department, the establishment of heavy pollution weather monitoring and warning system. By 2014, Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region to complete the regional, provincial and municipal heavily polluted weather monitoring and warning system construction; other provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), sub-provincial city, the capital city completed before the end of 2015. To do the heavy pollution weather trend analysis processes, and improve consultation judged mechanism to improve the accuracy of monitoring and early warning, monitoring and early warning and timely release information.

(Thirty) Well-developed contingency plans. When air quality does not meet the required standards of the city should develop and improve the heavily polluted weather emergency plan to the public; to implement the main responsibility, a clear organizational structure and responsibilities of emergency response, early warning forecasting and response procedures, and emergency safeguard measures and other content, according to determine the level of contamination of different enterprises limited production shutdown, motor vehicles and dust control, primary and secondary schools will be closed and the meteorological intervention feasible countermeasures. Carry out heavy pollution weather emergency drills.

Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other regions to establish regional, provincial and municipal linkage of heavy pollution weather emergency response system. Region provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of contingency plans at the end of 2013 should be filed with the Ministry of Environmental Protection.

(Thirty-one) Promptly take emergency measures. The ‘heavy pollution weather’ emergency response into the local people’s government emergency management system, the implementation of government is mainly responsible person responsibility system. Heavy pollution should be based on weather warning level, quickly activate contingency plans, to guide the public good health protection.

Ten, a clear government enterprises and social responsibility, to mobilize all the people involved in environmental protection.

(Thirty-two) Clear command responsibility for local government. Local people’s governments of the administrative regions responsible for the quality of atmospheric environment, according to the country ‘s overall plan and control objectives, to develop the region’s implementing rules, tasks and priorities to determine the annual control targets, improve policies and measures, and social Public; should continue to intensify supervision, to ensure a clear mandate, the project clear funding.

(Thirty-three) Strengthen sectoral coordination linkage. All relevant departments should closely cooperate and coordinate forces, unified action, the formation of air pollution control a powerful force. Department of Environmental Protection should strengthen guidance, coordination and supervision departments to air pollution control policies in favor of investment, finance, taxation, finance, prices, trade, science and technology policy, according to the law to do related work in their respective fields.

(Thirty-four) Strengthen differentiation. Enterprise is the main responsibility of air pollution control, in accordance with environmental regulations, strengthen internal management, increase capital investment, the use of advanced production technology and management techniques to ensure that emissions standards, or even to achieve “zero emissions” should conscientiously fulfill the social protection responsibility, accept social supervision.

(Thirty-five) Extensive mobilization of social participation. Environmental governance is everyone’s responsibility. To actively carry out various forms of publicity and education, popularization of scientific knowledge of air pollution prevention and control. Atmospheric Environment management professionals to strengthen training. Advocate a civic-minded form of conservation, of green consumption patterns and habits, to allow the public to have the necessary information to properly guide themselves, from scratch and from the side of the end-user, throughout the whole society, to establish a “we all struggle together” code of conduct, in a unified effort to improve air quality.

Our country is still in the primary stage of socialism. Air pollution control is a heavy task and is arduous, but is one of many important tasks that must be achieved in order to strengthen confidence in a comprehensive, focused, step by step implementation to ensure full effectiveness. Various localities, departments and enterprises must be in accordance with the requirements of this plan of action, and we recognize that they will face difficult realities as they make certain that the new measures are firmly implemented, ensuring that air quality improvement goals are achieved in a timely manner.